A Roadmap for Understanding African Politics: Leadership and Political Integration in Nigeria

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AllAfrica is a voice of, by and about Africa - aggregating, producing and distributing news and information items daily from over African news organizations and our own reporters to an African and global public. Toggle navigation. Sign up for free AllAfrica Newsletters Get the latest in African news delivered straight to your inbox.

Top Headlines Books Nigeria Entertainment. Almost finished We need to confirm your email address. To complete the process, please follow the instructions in the email we just sent you. There was a problem processing your submission. Please try again later. The final Rules of Court was adopted in June , after consultation with the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, in order to harmonize the rules of both institutions.

As at 15 June , 30 states have signed the Protocol and only 6 have ratified it. As at 8 February only six 6 of the mandatory fifteen 15 Member States have deposited their instruments of ratification. The Court will remain separate, obligated to its mandate but as a chamber of the new Court. The Extraordinary African Chambers shall be dissolved in their own right once all judgments are final.

On April 27, , an appeals court confirmed the verdict. The AU Commission is composed of the Chairperson, the deputy Chairperson and eight Commissioners all of whom are appointed by the Assembly based on gender balance and equitable representation of all sub-regions. The Chairperson of the Commission is the Chief Executive Officer and legal representative of the AU and is mandated to carry out many essential functions such as the overall responsibility of the finances and administration of the Commission, the preparation of its budget, participating in the meetings of the Assembly, the Executive Council, the Peace and Security Council and keep records of the deliberations, follow up and report on the implementation of the decisions of the policy organs of the AU, appoint staff of the Commission and carry out any function that is assigned to him by the Assembly and the Executive Council.

The Commission consists of directorates and organizational units under the offices of the Chairperson and the Deputy Chairperson of the Commission. Members are elected for four-year terms and may be re-elected once. The fourth ordinary session of the AU Assembly requested the Chairperson of the Commission to prepare the legal instruments for the establishment of the three financial institutions. The implementation of the recommendations of the Joint Strategy on the establishment of the African Central Bank is expected to start in The purpose of the Fund is to foster macroeconomic stability, sustainable shared economic growth and balanced development in the continent, in order to facilitate the effective and predictable integration of African economies.

The objectives of the African Monetary Fund are to provide financial assistance to AU Member States; act as a clearing house as well as undertake macro-economic purveyance within the continent; co-ordinate the monetary policies of Member States and promote cooperation between the monetary authorities in these states; and encourage capital movements between member states. The Statute of the African Investment Bank shall enter into force thirty 30 days after the deposit of the fifteenth instrument of ratification.

The purpose of the Bank is to foster economic integration and development in line with the objectives of the Union. It does so by facilitating dialogue, study, analysis, consultation, coordination and adoption of common strategies towards common security challenges among Intelligence and Security Organizations in Africa.

The Advisory Board is composed of eleven 11 members who serve in their personal capacities for two years, renewable once.

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In the election of the members of the Board, the Executive Council is to ensure adequate gender representation, and equitable geographical representation. The members of AUCIL are elected by the AU Executive Council based on the principles of equitable geographical representation, the principal legal systems and gender representation.

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The eleven 11 members serve in their personal capacities, and must have recognised competence in international law. No two members shall be nationals of the same State. AU-IAPSC works with the national plant protection organizations of Member States of the AU on phyto-sanitary issues in Africa; including the vulnerability of African crop production systems to the impact of diseases, insect pests, and noxious weeds; economic losses incurred through spoilage; noncompliance with ISPMs, trade regulations, and equivalents; and dearth of phyto-sanitary data.

It became an OAU specialized agency on 11 May The AU adopted the revised Constitution in and Largely based on the agreements of the Yamoussoukro Decision, the initiative will enhance connectivity between African nations and lead to a reduction in flight ticket prices. ARI was set up to promote and develop training and research programmes in the field of rehabilitation and disability prevention in Africa.

Membership is open to all AU Member States, international organizations and non-governmental organizations. The Bamako Convention bans the importation of hazardous wastes. The Convention provides for a Secretariat to serve a Conference of the Parties along with financial arrangements. The Maputo Convention is a revised version of the Algiers Convention of on the same topic.

The Parties are obliged not to conduct research on, develop, manufacture, stockpile or otherwise acquire, possess, or have control over any nuclear explosive device by any means anywhere; not to seek or receive any assistance in the research on, development, manufacture, stockpiling or acquisition, or possession of any nuclear explosive device; and not to take any action to assist or encourage the research on, development, manufacture, stockpiling or acquisition, or possession of any nuclear explosive device.

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The African Charter on Statistics was adopted on 4 February and entered into force in February The objectives of the Charter, inter alia , are to serve as the policy framework for, and as an advocacy tool and instrument for statistics development in Africa; and to ensure improved quality and comparability of the statistics required to monitor the economic and social integration process in the continent. The institutions were expected to start operation in Members are elected every three years.

The objectives of AFRAA include: to facilitate the establishment of industry best practices in safety and security; to be the repository of data and its analysis; provide a platform for consensus building among member carriers; facilitate joint projects between member airlines; support human capital development; interact with the regulatory bodies; provide a knowledge exchange forum; facilitate the development of environmental policies in keeping with industry best practices; and reflect a positive image of African airlines worldwide.

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  5. The Secretariat is headed by a Secretary-General and serves as the administrative, co-ordination and research centre for the Association. ATU is the leading continental organization fostering developments of information and communications technologies infrastructure and services. It consists of duly accredited delegations of Member States headed by the Ministers in charge of telecommunications or any other Plenipotentiaries designated by Member States.

    The objectives of PAPU, a specialized agency of the OAU are inter alia : to maintain and extend co-operation on postal matters in Africa; harmonize tariff structure among Member States; promote the establishment of multi-national regional and sub-regional postal training institutes in Africa; and to publish information and research material on postal services. The AOSTI is a continental repository for science, technology and innovation STI statistics and a source of policy analysis in support of evidence based policy making in order to assist Africa countries manage and use statistical information in accordance with the African Charter of Statistics.

    It is a premier continental university network whose mission is to provide wholesome postgraduate education geared towards the achievement of a prosperous, integrated and peaceful Africa.

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    PAU is expected to create high quality continental institutions to bridge the educational gap between Africa and other parts of the world and to promote innovative teaching, learning and research within Africa. PAU is designed to operate in a series of thematic hubs in five geographic sub-regions. The Space Sciences is to be based in Southern Africa, with a yet to be identified host institution. PAIPO is scheduled to begin operations in and be fully functional by Currently there are over ten sub-regional organizations in Africa. There is no clear framework to coordinate the economic objectives of the AU with the sub-regional organizations.

    Moreover, the major sub-regional organizations have developed norms and institutions on security. In this regard, the Peace and Security Council Protocol provides that the sub-regional organizations are part and parcel of the continental security architecture. In the framework of this MOU, the parties hold regular meetings, joint missions and consultations, inter alia , working together to make the African Standby Force ASF fully operational.

    The UN Charter provides the following characteristics of regional organizations under Article 52 1 :. Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action, provided that such arrangement or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

    When seen against the above criteria, the AU can be characterised as a regional organisation under Article 52 1 of the UN Charter as it is meant to play a role in the maintenance of peace and security in Africa [] and observe the purposes and principles of the UN.

    The transformation of the Organization of African Unity OAU into the new continental organization of the AU in makes it necessary to discuss the current status of the treaties that were signed and ratified under the aegis of the OAU. Currently there are 61 treaties under the auspices of the African Union, and 30 of these treaties have entered into force. The treaties adopted under the OAU are assumed by the AU and continue to be binding on those States, which have signed and ratified them.

    The reference to Article 33 5 of the Rules of Procedure must be an error meant to refer to Article 5. IV Rev. The Ministerial conference was dissatisfied with the draft Constitutive Act presented and lamented that the draft did not capture the spirit of the Sirte Declaration for the establishment of a Confederation of African States.

    This is the case with the United Nations Charter where some countries have withdrawn notwithstanding that it is not mentioned textually. English Press Ltd, However, the amendment does not affect the explanations provided here.


    See Single Protocol n 58 art. The decision is to be operational for each Member States from January African Peace and Security Architecture. APSA Roadmap — All operations directed by the Peace and Security Council are envisaged to be supported by the Peace Fund see art 21 5 cum art 13 3 of the Peace and Security Council Protocol. Leipziger Uni-Vlg, Peace and Security Council Protocol n art. Speciosa Kazibwe Uganda , Mr. Armah Moussa Egypt , Mrs. Hifikepunye Pohhamba were appointed members of the panel.